For calf augmentation surgery semisolid, fusiform (spindle-shaped) and non-rigid implants are used. The operation consists of placing one or two silicone implants between the calf muscle and the skin.
The incision is made in the fold on the back part of the knee. Alternatively fat obtained by liposuction can be used and treated with the Coleman system to fill in the zone.
Calf augmentation surgery is performed under local anaesthetic and sedation, epidural or general anaesthetic depending on the case.
The calf implants are placed on top of or below the muscle, depending on the characteristics of the leg and on what we want to achieve. The most natural result is achieved using the submuscular implant as it is completely hidden and what it does is push the existing muscle out so that it is more prominent. The best position to place it in will be evaluated at the consultation depending on the anatomical features of the legs and on the desired results.
The calf implants are made of cohesive gel, which are denser than those used in breast augmentation. The objective is that they support the strain of the muscles in the legs. It is not necessary to change calf implants although they must be monitored periodically. Once the initial 5 or 6 week period has passed there are no physical restrictions.
The size of the calf implant is chosen depending on the wishes of the patient with regard to shape but the volume is determined by the stiffness of the tissue in the zone, the degree of muscle wasting and the length of the leg. Putting two implants in each leg 4-5cm more circumference can be gained.