The partial hip replacement surgery only replaces the femoral head, leaving the pelvis intact. It is usually used in elderly people with low physical activity. It is a less aggressive intervention than the total hip replacement surgery. Its duration is shorter and it has a lower risk of bleeding. However, it has worse functionality to perform normal physical activity.
The total hip replacement surgery replaces both the head and neck of the femur, as well as the acetabulum. This type of hip implant is used in people who need good mobility in their hips because they are young and active. A partial hip implant could give too limited mobility. A total hip implant is also used if, apart from the fracture, the patient has significant osteoarthritis of the hip.
The resurfacing (surface prosthesis) replaces the head of the femur and the acetabulum, covering them with metal material (metal-metal surface prosthesis). This type of hip implant is usually placed in younger patients. By preserving bone, the patient’s recovery is greater, the risk of dislocation is less, and the material is more durable. Over time, the surface prosthesis facilitates other revision or change surgeries. Throughout his life, a young patient may need at least a couple of hip replacement surgeries, hence the importance of saving as much bone as possible. Resurfacing implants are indicated in patients who wish to continue performing intense physical activity, whether at work or in their leisure time, after implanting a hip implant.
Orthopedic surgeons at the Diagonal clinic in Barcelona (Spain) will advise you on the type of hip implant that best suits your case. We will also tell you the cost of a hip replacement surgery.